Electric motors convert electric current into mechanical power – they are therefore also referred to as electromechanical transducers. As a specialist for small and miniature drive systems, FAULHABER offers a broad range of micro motors. This type of motor allows a particularly high power density with low weight and minimal installation size.
Standard motors are often sufficient in everyday products. If their characteristics are no longer sufficient, this is where motors from FAULHABER come into play. They are used in challenging applications in practically all branches of industry. To meet the increased demands of such applications, DC micro motors from FAULHABER are manufactured using only high-quality materials. Depending on the application, correspondingly optimized and effective materials are used, e.g. neodymium permanent magnets, turned back irons and ball bearings.
From the motor shaft to the housing – at FAULHABER, all components are trimmed to maximum power density, accuracy and reliability. This also applies to the self-developed DC motor controllers: these ensure optimum operation throughout the entire service life.
Micro motors from FAULHABER are operated predominantly with ironless, self-supporting coils. These coils have no cogging torque and only a very low rotor inertia. Dr. Fritz Faulhaber Sr. developed the self-supporting, ironless rotor coil with skew-wound design ("FAULHABER winding") and patented it in 1958. It remains the core component of FAULHABER micro motors to this very day. The special design of the FAULHABER winding and the resulting motor characteristics have opened up new drive possibilities for numerous application areas.
The key benefits of this unique drive technology are:
In DC micro motors, electrically energized conductors in the coils generate multiple magnetic fields. Their attractive and repulsive forces act on permanent magnets. Targeted changes to the magnetic fields generate forces that cause mechanical movement of the rotor.
This movement is usually rotational: the rotating rotor passes its power to the central axis of the drive. An exception are the linear motors. Here the coil and magnets are arranged in such a way that the change in the magnetic fields causes a linear movement. In all DC micro motors, the change in the magnetic fields is brought about by commutation. This term refers to the redirection of the current flow between various coil segments.
In DC micro motors, commutation can occur through a mechanical sliding contact (with brushes) or electronically (brushless).
Brushed DC-motors from FAULHABER are available with graphite or precious metal commutation. Graphite commutation is particularly robust and is ideally suited to dynamic high-performance applications. Precious metal commutation makes extremely small DC motors possible. Brushed micro motors are very easy to control.
With brushless DC motors, commutation is performed by an electronic control, which operates contactless and wear-free in this case. The additional electronics complicate integration because the control needs to be matched to the motor in order to ensure effective operation. Brushless DC micro motors are especially suitable for frequent overload conditions as well as for continuous operation. Thanks to the electronic commutation and the use of ball bearings, an extremely long service life is possible.
FAULHABER's expertise lies not only in the manufacture of series products but above all also in the fabrication of customer-specific drive solutions. Numerous key components and parameters can be adapted to meet the specific needs of the micro motor's subsequent application:
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